A programming language is a formal language comprising a set of instructions that produce various kinds of output. Programming languages are used in computer programming to implement algorithms. Most programming languages consist of instructions for computers. There are programmable machines that use a set of specific instructions, rather than general programming languages.
Java is a class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Developed by Sun Microsystems, It is a standalone language that is executed in JVM( Java Virtual Machine) that allows Java programs to run on any platform.
Java with its secured environment and great compatibility has emerged as one of the best programming languages. The language is favored by enterprises too. More than 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies use Java for building applications and back end systems.
|Java is a Standalone language.||contained within a web page and integrates with its HTML content.|
- Both are an object-oriented programming language. So, the fundamental OOP concepts must be known by both the developers.
- Both languages can be used for back-end development. Node.js is the most popular and powerful server-side environment. While Java has been used for back-end technologies for a long period of time that uses Apache, JBoss, and Websphere.