Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

What is Quarantine, Isolation, ‘Containment Areas’ And Lockdowns ?

A Quarantine separates and restricts movement for people who are exposed to a disease but not symptomatic, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The purpose of a quarantine is to prevent the possible spread of a contagion.

Isolation, on the other hand, separates sick, potentially infectious people from healthy people.

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State officials in New York are using the term “Containment Area” to describe the part of New Rochelle, north of New York City, where closures will be enforced. People who aren’t personally quarantined will be able to leave their homes and go to work or elsewhere. Local businesses can remain open. Residents or visitors are free to walk the sidewalks. Only those who have been exposed to or have symptoms of the disease need to be in quarantine or isolation.

Lockdown is an emergency protocol that usually prevents people or information from leaving an area. The protocol can usually only be initiated by someone in a position of authority. A full lockdown usually means that people must stay where they are and may not enter or exit a building or rooms within said building.